The Basic Teachings of the Buddha

For more than 2,500 years, the religion we know today as Buddhism has been the primary inspiration behind many successful civilizations, a source of great cultural achievements, and a lasting and meaningful guide to the very purpose of life for millions of people. Today, large numbers of men and women from diverse backgrounds throughout the world are following the Teachings of the Buddha. So who was the Buddha and what are his teachings?

The Buddha
The man who was to become the Buddha was born Siddhattha Gotama around 2,600 years ago as a prince of a small territory near what is now the Indian-Nepalese border. Though he was raised in splendid comfort, enjoying aristocratic status, no amount of material pleasure could conceal life's imperfections from the unusually inquisitive young man. At the age of 29 he left wealth and family to search for a deeper meaning in the secluded forests and remote mountains of Northeast India. He studied under the wisest religious teachers and philosophers of his time, learning all they had to offer, but they could not provide the answers he was seeking. He then struggled with the path of self-mortification, taking that practice to the extremes of asceticism, but still to no avail.
Then at the age of 35, on the full moon night of May, he sat beneath the branches of what is now known as the Bodhi Tree, in a secluded grove by the banks of the river Neranjara, and developed his mind in deep and luminous, tranquil meditation. Using the extraordinary clarity of such a mind, with its sharp penetrative power generated by states of deep inner stillness, he turned his attention to investigate the truth of mind, universe and life. Thus he gained the Supreme Enlightenment experience and from then on he was known as the Buddha, the Awakened One.
His Enlightenment consisted of the most profound and all-embracing insight into the nature of mind and all phenomena. This Enlightenment was not a revelation from some divine being, but a discovery made by himself based on the deepest levels of meditation and the clearest experience of mind. It meant that he was free from the shackles of craving, ill-will and delusion, that all forms of inner suffering had been eliminated and that he had acquired unshakeable peace.
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The Teachings of the Buddha
Having realised the goal of Perfect Enlightenment, the Buddha spent the next 45 years teaching a path which, when diligently followed, will take anyone regardless of race, class or gender to the same Perfect Enlightenment. The teachings about this path are called the Dhamma, literally meaning the nature of all things or the truth underlying existence. It is beyond the scope of this pamphlet to present a thorough description of all these teachings, but the following seven topics will give you an overview of what the Buddha taught.

1. The Way of Inquiry
The Buddha warned strongly against blind faith and encouraged the way of truthful inquiry. He pointed out the danger in fashioning one's beliefs merely on the following grounds: hearsay, tradition, because many others say it is so, the authority of ancient scriptures, the word of a supernatural being or out of trust in one's teachers, elders or priests. Instead one maintains an open mind and thoroughly investigates one's own experience of life. When one sees for oneself that a particular view agrees with both experience and reason and leads to the happiness of one and all, then one should accept that view and live up to it!
This principle of course also applies to the Buddha's own teachings. They should be considered and inquired into using the mental clarity born of meditation. As one's meditation deepens, one eventually sees these teachings for oneself with insight, and only then do they become one's own truth that give blissful liberation.
The traveller on the way of inquiry needs to be tolerant. Tolerance does not mean that one embraces every idea or view but that one doesn't get angry at what one can't accept. Further along the journey what one initially disagreed with might be seen to be true. So in the spirit of tolerant inquiry, here are some of the Buddha's basic teachings.

2. The Four Noble Truths
The main teaching of the Buddha focuses not on philosophical speculation about a Creator God or the origin of the universe, nor on reaching a heaven world ever after. The teaching instead is centred on the down-to-earth reality of human suffering and the urgent need to find lasting relief from all forms of discontent. The Buddha gave the simile of a man shot by a poison-tipped arrow who, before he would accept a doctor to treat him, first demanded to know who shot the arrow, his social standing, where he was from, what sort of bow he used, what the arrow was made of ... This foolish man would surely die before his questions could be answered. In the same way, the Buddha said, our most urgent need is to find lasting relief from recurrent discontent which robs us of happiness and leaves us in strife. Philosophical speculations are of secondary importance and are best left until after one has trained the mind in meditation to the stage where one has the ability to examine the matter clearly and see the truth for oneself.
Thus the central teaching of the Buddha, around which all his other teachings revolve, is the Four Noble Truths:
1. All beings, human and otherwise, are afflicted with all sorts of disappointments, sadness, discomfort, anxiety etc. In short they are subject to suffering.
2. The cause of this suffering is craving, born of the illusion of a 'soul' (see below, topic 7).
3. Suffering has a final end in the experience of Enlightenment (Nibbana) which is the complete letting go of the illusion of 'soul' and the consequent ending of craving and ill will.
4. This peaceful and blissful Enlightenment is achieved through a gradual training, a path called the Middle Way, or the Eightfold Path.
It would be mistaken to label this teaching as 'pessimistic' on the grounds that it begins by focusing on suffering. Rather, Buddhism is 'realistic' in that it unflinchingly faces up to the truth of life's many sufferings, and it is 'optimistic' in that it shows a final end to the problem: Nibbana - Enlightenment in this very life! Those who have achieved this ultimate peace are inspiring examples who demonstrate once and for all that Buddhism is far from pessimistic but is a path to true happiness.

3. The Middle Way or Eightfold Path
The way to the end of all suffering is called the Middle Way because it avoids the two extremes of sensual indulgence and self-mortification. Only when the body is in reasonable comfort but not overindulged, does the mind have the clarity and strength to meditate deeply and discover the truth. This Middle Way consists of the diligent cultivation of virtue, meditation and wisdom, which are explained in more detail as the Eightfold Path:
1. Right Understanding
2. Right Thought
3. Right Speech
4. Right Action
5. Right Livelihood
6. Right Effort
7. Right Mindfulness
8. Right Concentration
('Right' in the sense of being conducive to happiness and Enlightenment.)
Right Speech, Action and Livelihood constitute the training in virtue or morality. For a practising lay Buddhist it consists of maintaining the five Buddhist precepts, which are to refrain from:
1. Deliberately causing the death of any living being;
2. Intentionally taking for one's own the property of another;
3. Sexual misconduct, in particular adultery;
4. Lying and breaking promises;
5. Drinking alcohol and taking stupefying drugs which lead to a weakening of mindfulness and moral judgement.
Right Effort, Mindfulness and Concentration refer to the practice of meditation, which purifies the mind through the experience of blissful states of inner stillness and empowers the mind to penetrate the meaning of life through profound moments of insight.
Right Understanding and Thought are the manifestations of Buddha-Wisdom which ends all suffering, transforms the personality and produces unshakeable serenity and tireless compassion.
According to the Buddha, without perfecting the practice of virtue it is impossible to perfect meditation, and without perfecting meditation it is impossible to arrive at Enlightenment Wisdom. Thus the Buddhist path is a gradual one, a middle way consisting of virtue, meditation and wisdom, explained in the Eightfold Path and leading to happiness and liberation.

4. Kamma
Kamma means 'action'. According to the law of kamma there are inescapable results of our intentional actions. There are deeds of body, speech and mind that lead to one's own harm, to others' harm, or to the harm of both. Such deeds are called bad or unwholesome kamma. They are motivated by craving, ill will or delusion, and because they bring painful results they should not be done.
There are also deeds of body, speech and mind that lead to one's own well-being, to the well-being of others, or to the well-being of both. Such deeds are called good or wholesome kamma. They are motivated by generosity, compassion or wisdom, and because they bring pleasant results they should be done as often as possible.
Much of what one experiences is the result of one's own previous kamma. Thus when misfortune occurs, instead of blaming someone else, one can look for faults in one's own past conduct. If a fault is found, the experience of its consequences will make one more careful in the future. When happiness occurs, instead of taking it for granted, one can look for the past good kamma which caused it. If one can find such a cause, the experience of its pleasant results will encourage more good kamma in the future.
The Buddha pointed out that no being whatsoever, divine or otherwise, has the power to stop the consequences of good and bad kamma. The fact that one reaps just what one sows gives the Buddhist a powerful incentive to avoid all forms of bad kamma and do as much good kamma as possible.
Though one cannot escape the results of bad kamma one can lessen their severity. A spoon of salt mixed in a glass of water makes the whole glass very salty, whereas the same spoon of salt mixed in a freshwater lake hardly changes the taste of the water at all. Similarly, the results of bad kamma in a person habitually doing only a small amount of good is painful indeed, whereas the result of the same bad kamma in a person habitually doing a great deal of good is only felt mildly.
This natural law of kamma thus becomes the force behind, and the reason for, the Buddhist practice of morality and compassion in our society.

5. Rebirth
The Buddha clearly remembered many of his past lives. Even today many Buddhist monks and nuns, and others also, remember their past lives. Such a strong memory is a result of deep meditation. For those who remember their past lives rebirth becomes an established fact which puts this life in a meaningful perspective.
The law of kamma can only be understood in the framework of many lifetimes because it sometimes takes this long for kamma to bear its fruit. Thus kamma and rebirth offer a plausible explanation to the obvious inequalities of birth - why some are born into great wealth whereas others are born into pathetic poverty; why some children enter this world healthy and full-limbed whereas others enter it deformed and diseased. The painful results of bad kamma should not be regarded as punishment for evil deeds but as lessons from which to learn. For example, how much better to learn about the need for generosity than to be reborn among the poor!
Rebirth takes place not only within the human realm. The Buddha pointed out that the realm of human beings is but one among many. There are many separate heavenly realms and grim lower realms too, including the realm of animals and the realm of ghosts. Not only can we go to any of these realms in our next life, but we may have come from any of these realms into our present life. This explains a common objection against rebirth: "How can there be rebirth when there are 10 times as many people alive today
as there were a century ago?" The answer is that people alive today have come from many different realms.
Understanding that we come and go between different realms, gives us more respect and compassion for the beings in these realms. It is unlikely, for example, that one would exploit animals when one has seen the link of rebirth that connects them with us.

6. No Creator God
The Buddha also pointed out that no God or priest nor any other kind of being has the power to interfere in the working out of someone else's kamma. Buddhism, therefore, teaches individuals to take full responsibility for themselves. For example, if you want to be wealthy then be generous, trustworthy and diligent, and if you want to live in a heavenly realm then always be kind to others. There is no God to ask favours from, or to put it another way, there is no corruption possible in the workings of the law of kamma.
Do Buddhists believe that a Supreme Being created the universe? Buddhists would first ask which universe you mean. This present universe, from the moment of the 'big bang' up to now, is but one among a countless number in Buddhist cosmology. When one universe cycle ends another begins, again and again, according to impersonal law and without discoverable beginning. A Creator God is redundant in this scheme.
No being is a Supreme Saviour, because gods, humans, animals and all other beings are subject to the law of kamma. Even the Buddha had no power to save - he could only point out the truth for the wise to see for themselves. Everyone must take responsibility for their own future well-being, and it is dangerous to give that responsibility to anyone else.

7. The Illusion of a 'Soul'
The Buddha taught that there is no 'soul', no essential and permanent core to a living being. Instead, that which we call a 'living being', human or otherwise, can be seen to be but a temporary coming-together of many parts and activities - when complete it is called a 'living being', but when the parts have separated and the activities have ceased it is not called a 'living being' anymore. Like a computer assembled of many parts and activities, only when it is complete and performs coherent tasks is it called a 'computer', but when the computer is taken apart and the activities cease it is no longer called a 'computer'. No essential and permanent core can be found which we can truly call the 'computer', and just so no essential and permanent core can be found in a living being which we can call the 'soul'.
Yet rebirth still occurs without a 'soul'. Consider this simile: on a Buddhist shrine a candle is burnt low and is about to go out. A monk takes a new candle and lights it from the old one. The old candle goes out but the new candle burns bright. What went across form the old candle to the new one? There was a causal link but no 'thing' went across! In the same way, there was a causal link between your previous life and your present life, but no 'soul' went across.
Indeed, the illusion of a 'soul' is said by the Buddha to be the root cause of all human suffering. The illusion of 'soul' manifests as the 'ego'. The natural unstoppable function of the ego is to control. Big egos want to control the world, average egos try to control their immediate surroundings of home, family and workplace, and all egos strive to control what they take to be their own body and mind. Such control manifests as desire and aversion, and it results in a lack of both inner peace and outer harmony. It is this ego that seeks to acquire possessions, manipulate others and exploit the environment. Its aim is its own happiness but it invariably produces suffering. It craves for satisfaction but experiences discontent. Such deep-rooted suffering cannot come to an end until one sees, through insight based on deep and powerful meditation, that the idea of 'me and mine' is no more than a mirage.

Buddhism's Relevance in the World Today
Today, Buddhism continues to gain ever wider acceptance in many lands far beyond its original home. People throughout the world, through their own careful choice, are adopting Buddhism's peaceful, compassionate and responsible ways.
The Buddhist teaching of the law of kamma offers people a just, incorruptible foundation and reason for living a moral life. It is easy to see how a wider embracing of the law of kamma would lead any country towards a stronger, more caring and virtuous society.
The teaching of rebirth places this present short lifetime of ours in a broader perspective, giving more meaning to the vital events of birth and death. The understanding of rebirth removes so much of the tragedy and grief surrounding death and turns our attention to the quality of a life, rather than its mere length.
From the very beginning the practice of meditation has been at the very heart of the Buddhist way. Today, meditation grows increasingly popular as its proven benefits to both mental and physical well-being are becoming more widely known. When stress is shown to be such a major cause of human suffering, the quieting practice of meditation becomes ever more valued.
Today's world is too small and vulnerable for us to live angrily and alone, and thus tolerance, love and compassion are so very important. These qualities of mind, essential for happiness, are formally developed in Buddhist meditation and then diligently put into practice in everyday life.
Forgiveness, gentleness, harmlessness and peaceful compassion are the well-known 'trademarks' of Buddhism, and they are given freely and broadly to all beings, including animals of course, and also, most importantly, to oneself. There is no place for dwelling in guilt or self-hatred in Buddhism, not even a place for feeling guilty about feeling guilty!
Teachings and practices such as these are what bring about qualities of gentle kindness, unshakeable serenity and wisdom, identified with the Buddhist religion for over 25 centuries and sorely needed in today's world. In all its long history, no war has ever been fought in the name of Buddhism. It is this peace and tolerance, growing out of a profound yet reasonable philosophy, that makes the Buddha's message timeless and always vitally relevant.
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This Is Why Walking Is Better Than Running!

Running and walking are such an awesome physical activities that wake up every cell in the body.

These are absolute favorites in the world of fitness, and experts consider them as an excellent aerobic exercises that support healthy weight loss problem, improve mood, boost energy, regulate high blood pressure and cholesterol levels, and reduce the risk of cancer, diabetes, and heart disease.

For some walking is more like a way that will get them somewhere, but it is actually one of the greatest things to put your body through. It heals the body, enhances physical appearance and provides long-term health.

Every step you take strengthens your cardiovascular system, tones your muscles and increases their power to burn fat, and decreases the chances of numerous diseases.

Walking and running

Brisk walking is more effective in reducing the risk of heart disease than running when the energy expenditure of these activities is actually balanced out.

For the purpose of a particular study, a group of scientists compared the results of two separate studies for six years. They observed 33,060 runners and 15,045 walkers aged between 18 and 80.

The results showed that although the participants in both groups spend same amount of energy, walkers gained greater health benefits than their colleagues.

Running can reduce the risk of heart disease by 4.5%, but walking can reduce this risk by 9.3%. Walking had a greater impact on the following factors that increase the risk of heart disease:

  • Walking reduced the risk of first-time hypertension by 7.2% and running by 4.2%
  • Walking reduced the risk of first-time high cholesterol by 7% and running by 4.3%
  • Both walking and running reduced the risk of first-time diabetes by 12%
Dr. Paul Williams from the Lawrence Berkley National Laboratory in California, the leader of this study, concluded that moderate-intensity walking and running offer amazing health benefits, because they both involve the same groups of muscles.

The difference is in the intensity of these activities. Runners and walkers were supposed to spend the same amount of energy to experience the same benefits, which means that you have to walk a bit longer than you would have to run to achieve the same effect.

Walking and running can be done anywhere, at any time, they do not cost a thing, plus they are considered as an excellent social activities.

Running is rather rigorous when compared to walking, so if you prefer it better, you have to select a fitting program that will improve your conditioning as soon as possible.

Pushing too hard is harmful

According to a report published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology, people who force their bodies in hard physical activities are likely to miss the benefits offered by walking.

This report was done by a group of researchers from Denmark. Individuals who run at a fast pace for more than 4 hours per week, and for more than three times per week, experienced the same risk of death as individuals who sit for long hours and do not exercise at all.

This was the outcome of a 12-year study. The results did not change even after the researchers took into consideration confounding factors like age, sex, health records, history of heart disease / diabetes, smoking and alcohol consumption.

Moreover, the lowest risk of death was noticed in individuals who ran less than thrice a week for 1-2.4 hours, of course, at a slow to moderate pace.
Individuals who ran a bit more, for 2.5-4 hours a week at a faster pace, less than thrice a week, marked a slightly increased risk of dying at 66%. This sure came as a surprise.

If you try to lose excess pounds and maintain health, consider determining a happy medium that will protect your heart health, burn calories and regulate blood sugar.

It is such a good thing to know that even walking can bring such a good benefits, right? This will probably bring joy to those who do not like to run.

Walking is beneficial for almost everyone

Walking is an amazing activity for fitness beginners or individuals diagnosed with a certain health issue. Obese people will expose their bodies to less stress if they choose to walk rather than run.

Running has a repetitive nature, so the risk of injuries is pretty high, unlike walking. Fitness gurus consider running to be a high impact exercise in which you may hurt your knee, hip and ankle joints. Walking on the other hand, is a low impact activity and it causes less damage to the body.

The chances of injuring your hips and knee joints when running are pretty low, but you will also have to do lunges or squats at least twice a weak.

About 10,000 steps a day makes women feel 4.6 year younger, and men would feel 4.1 years younger. Walking is easily implemented in working hours, so you can consider having a walking meeting or getting yourself a treadmill desk.

Do you still prefer running over walking?
If you cannot give up on your jogging early in the morning, do it on grass, woodland trails, earth, cinders and man-made tracks. Buy yourself high-quality shoes and make sure you run properly. Consider increasing the mileage that you run gradually.


179-Year-Old Indian Reveals the Secret Of His Psychological Trick Of "Immortality"

When you see the delicate Murasi wrapped in his blanket, you would never believe that his frail body hides a phenomenal secret: the former shoemaker from India is with his incredible 179 years officially the oldest man in the world.

Murasi was born in 1835 — according to records of the time — during the British colonial era. Two centuries and seven generations later, he has outlived his children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren. That's the tragic downside of "immortality." "Death simply forgot me," said Murasi. "Since a long time I have no more hope to sometime be allowed to die. I think I'm immortal." Murasi makes no secret of the reason for his unbelievable longevity: "My trick is to surrender to everything that happens." 
Not everyone wants to live forever, but this trick can be helpful to anyone that is trying to make the best of the short time that we have on this Earth. Regardless of whether or not Murasi really is as old as people claim, the wisdom of his words cannot be denied. Regardless of whether or not you live for almost two centuries, this is a great psychological tip!
If peace and tranquility are really the ingredients for immortality, we can learn a lot from Murasi. But in all seriousness: who wants to live forever?
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This Woman Started Drinking 3 Litres Of Water A Day! The Results Are Shocking!

Most of our body functions and systems depend on water. Water helps carry nutrients to cells, flash out toxins from our vital organs, eliminate waste and ensure a moist the surrounding for our nose, ear and throat tissues. Hence, not drinking enough water may impair most of these functions.

Sarah Smith, 42 year old British woman and a mother of two suffered from constant migraines and ingestion. Her doctor and nutritionist suggested she stops taking caffeine and increase her water intake.
For 28 days, Sarah took 3 litres of water daily and the results were astonishing!
Week One: Waist 28in, Weight 8st 7lb 
Sarah consulted her local GP on whether taking three litres of water will affect her health.
“I suggest you have a big jug of water in the morning, then another in the afternoon and another in the evening,” he says.
“Your kidneys, which filter waste products from the blood before turning it to urine, will quickly feel the benefit, as they will be getting a good flush through.”
In the first week, Sarah noticed that was urinating more often, her bowels were less sluggish, and her flexibility improved.
Week Two: Waist 28in, Weight 8st 6lb 
After the second week she noticed that her headache was gone, and even her digestion improved. Her skin was less wrinkled, and her complexion was clearing. She also lost a pound.
“My complexion is improving and my skin tone is more even. I still have wrinkles under my eyes, but they look less creepy and shadowy than before. The blotches on my face are diminishing, and the shadows around my eyes are less pronounced,” she says.
Week Three: Waist 27.5in, Weight 8st 6lb 
On the third week she lost half an inch on her waist. She also realized that she was eating less because drinking water with meals was making her feel fuller quicker. Studies show that 37% of people usually mistake being thirsty for hunger.
Week Four:  Waist 27in, Weight 8st 5lb
She lost another 1lb and half an inch on the waist after the fourth week. She also noticed that her dark circles were completely gone, and so was the redness. Her skin also became smooth and had a more youthful appearance.

“I genuinely can’t believe the difference in my face. I look like a different woman. The dark shadows around my eyes have all but disappeared and the blotches have gone. My skin is almost as dewy as it was when I was a child. The transformation is nothing short of remarkable.”
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Leonardo DiCaprio Stands With Great Sioux Nation to Stop Dakota Access Pipeline

Leonardo DiCaprio participating in a climate change march in New York. (photo: Eduardo Munoz/Reuters)
Joining the cause along with the upcoming Justice League crew, Leonardo DiCaprio is heavily campaigning against the Dakota Access Pipeline (DAPL) construction.
Proposing a $3.7 billion, 1,168 mile pipeline, Dakota Access – a subsidiary of Texas-based Energy Transfer Partners LP have planned for the project to stretch through the North Dakota Bakken region, through South Dakota and Iowa to Illinois, transferring up to 57,000 barrels of crude oil per day.
Referred to as the Bakken pipeline, the DAPL would cross the Missouri River in a region less than a mile from the Standing Rock Reservation. The concern for the Missouri River is that this water source is currently providing water to millions of people in the U.S.
The Sioux people of Standing Rock are trying to highlight the potentials of an oil spill, which could threaten the water and land in their reservation.
DiCaprio tweeted that he was “standing with the Great Sioux Nation to protect their water and lands,” linking this to a petition which urges the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to step in and halt the construction altogether. His tweet also contained #KeepItInTheGround, calling for fossil fuels to be kept in the ground.
13 year old Anna Lee Rain YellowHammer stood for the youth of Standing Rock by writing:
“A private oil company wants to build a pipeline that would cross the Missouri River less than a mile away from the Standing Rock Reservation and if we don’t stop it, it will poison our river and threaten the health of my community when it leaks.
My friends and I have played in the river since we were little; my great grandparents raised chickens and horses along it. When the pipeline leaks, it will wipe out plants and animals, ruin our drinking water and poison the center of community life for the Standing Rock Sioux.”
Nearing 46,000 signatures, the petition needs 4,000 more to reach their goal.
Dakota Access claims that their proposed route would reach through 50 countries in four states, commenting that the plan “was carefully designed to transport crude in the safest, most efficient way possible.” However, this hasn’t silenced Native American communities and landowners from protesting against the DAPL construction.
“Oil companies keep telling us that this is perfectly safe, but we’ve learned that that’s a lie: from 2012-2013 alone, there were 300 oil pipeline breaks in the state of North Dakota,”
YellowHammer wrote in her petition.
“With such a high chance that this pipeline will leak, I can only guess that the oil industry keeps pushing for it because they don’t care about our health and safety. It’s like they think our lives are more expendable than others.”
Sadly, Army Corps are currently considering permits which will allow the DAPL to go ahead with construction, reportedly stating that they will make their decision within days. This prompts renewed urgency for all the opponents to stop this project altogether.
Many famous faces have joined forces with these opponents, featuring three stars from the new Justice League film. Jason Momoa, Ezra Miller and Ray Fisher are all joining DiCaprio on social media, protesting the pipeline.
Image result for Jason Momoa protest
In his Instagram photo, Momoa holds a sign that states he has signed the petition and that “oil pipelines are a bad idea.”
Image result for Ezra Miller Bakken
“We want to say that our hearts are with the Native youth of the Standing Rock Reservation, and that we oppose the Dakota Access Pipeline,” Miller says in the video, urging viewers to visit Rezpect our Water, which was launched to protest the pipeline.
The 28th of April saw the 500 mile relay Run For Your Life: No DAPL, which spanned from Cannon ball, North Dakota to the Army Corps Omaha District office in Nebraska on the 3rd of May.
“I am doing Run For Your Life: No DAPL because I want the younger generations to know what they are looking forward to in the future if this pipeline comes through,”
lead run coordinator and Standing Rock member said.
“I am running for the whole Oceti Sakowin. I am carrying all their prayers on the road with us. Water is essential to everyday life. Why hasn’t someone even given a thought about the 3 to 4 million people who use our Missouri River water? It is 2016, and here we are fighting our battles, running across the state of South Dakota to show our statement.”
Delivering a unified statement to Colonel John Henderson and the Army Corps in resistance to the planned pipeline, the letter states:
“We write to you as the peoples of this great land, both Native and non-Native, who rely on the Missouri River and our ecosystems for our livelihoods, our communities, and our futures. For a long time, man has behaved as though he has absolute dominion over nature, and now we are beginning to see the effects of what this attitude has done to our world. As global concerns about environmental issues continue to rise, we too are taking a stand out of concern not only for ourselves, but also for the non-human animals in our communities and for the children who shall become a part of nature after we have passed.”
Along with this, they issued a letter of demands that the Army Corps must take before issuing any permit to Dakota Access.
    • Conduct a full EIS [environmental impact assessment] to determine potential environmental effects of the DAPL.
    • Address additional concerns regarding environmental justice and emergency response actions to spills/leaks.
    • Address the potential impact to cultural/historical sites, including native burial grounds.
    • Address the lack of communication with tribes over the past several months, and remedy this by properly consulting and coordinating with affected tribes.
    • Apply President Barack Obama’s climate test and determine whether this project serves the national interest by not significantly exacerbate the problem of carbon pollution.
Concluding that:
“If Dakota Access fails to meet the conditions of any one of these enacted recommendations it stands as a clear indication that it is not a safe and sound project deserving of permitting,”
Former Democratic gubernatorial candidate for Iowa and NPO Bold Iowa director, Ed Fallon met the runners in Omaha, delivering a touching speech about the sad reality behind farmers and landowners feeling helpless when being pressured into signing their hard earned land away for the Bakken pipeline.  Eileen Williamson, spokesperson for the Army Corps Engineers mentioned that they are currently evaluating environmental impacts which may take place during construction.
“For example, if threatened and endangered species is a concern. Let’s say that a proposed crossing and construction schedule could impact nesting of a protected bird,” Williamson told South Dakota public radio. “Then a recommendation would be to ensure that the construction schedule is outside of that nesting period, and that the construction does not affect the habitat that that bird would use for nesting.”
She went on to comment that officials will be required to work within the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s set guidelines along with the state Historic Preservation officer and Tribal governments, with the Corps reviewing public comments.
“We are concerned about a recent drift towards vitriol in the RSN Reader comments section. There is a fine line between moderation and censorship. No one likes a harsh or confrontational forum atmosphere. At the same time everyone wants to be able to express themselves freely. We’ll start by encouraging good judgment. If that doesn’t work we’ll have to ramp up the moderation.”
The general guideline set out should be followed to avoid unnecessary conflict by avoiding personal attacks on other forum members, avoid making ethnically derogatory statements, never advocate violence or illegal activity and keep the protest clean and responsible. This all starts with you, let’s keep working together to make the world a better place to live in.
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Six Dangers Associated With Idleness According To The Buddha

The Buddha said, There are these six dangers associated with idleness:

1. Thinking: "It's too cold," one does not work. 

2.Thinking: "It's too hot," one does not work. 

3.Thinking: "It's too early," one does not work. 

4.Thinking: "It's too late," one does not work. 

5.Thinking: "I am too hungry," one does not work. 

6.Thinking: "I am too full," one does not work.

A Japanese Method For Healing—Each Finger Has A Connection To The Body

Stimulating particular points on the hands can balance emotions. This is a Japanese art known as Jean Shin Jyutsu.
It is an effective alternative medicine. It is about balancing the body`s energy by stimulating specific points on the hands and fingers. It can help the physical and emotional health.
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The main principle is that each finger on the hand is connected to a specific organ in the body. With pressing the specific point it relates to a specific emotion. The procedure is simple. Apply pressure on a specific finger for about five minutes and at the same time breathe deeply.
Massage each finger on a hand and harmonize the body. You need to apply pressure on each finger separately and harmonize the entire body.
Here is a list where each finger is connected to each organ.
 Organs: belly and spleen.
Emotions: depression and anxiety
Physical symptoms: skin issues, abdominal pain, headache, nervousness.
Index finger (forefinger)
 Organs: kidneys and bladder
Emotions: fear, confusion and disappointment
Physical symptoms: digestive problems, toothache, muscle pain and back pain.
Middle finger:
 Organs: liver and gall-bladder
Emotions: anger, impulsiveness, hesitancy
Physical system: blood circulation problems, menstrual pain, decreased vision, fatigue, migraine, frontal headache.
Ring finger:
 Organs: lungs and colon
Emotions: negativity, glumness, fear of rejection, sorrow
Physical symptoms: noise in the ears, respiratory problems, asthma, skin diseases, digestion issues.
Small finger:
 Organs: heart and small intestine
Emotions: apprehensiveness, lack of self-appreciation, annoyance
Physical symptoms: heart issues, sore throat, stomach inflammation, bone problems



When it comes to their body, women go through numerous changes during their life. We are talking about physical and emotional changes which happen in the puberty and in the menopause. Still, everyone experiences these changes in weight, shape, and other physical traits. The body goes through evolution which are completely normal, and some of the factors that contribute to these evolution are age, childbearing, and hormone levels. There are no two women in the world who are the same, meaning that the changes they go through are also unique.
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a condition that affects about 20 percent of the women population. Its symptoms can be quite severe and disruptive.
If you suspect you have PCOS, or if you are already diagnosed with this condition, you should not panic, because there is hope for you. The cure is still not found, but there are numerous easy ways for you to control this condition.
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What is PCOS?
The polycystic ovary syndrome is an endocrine condition that is the result of an increased level of androgens, or male hormones in women.
The factors that contribute to this increase in the hormone levels can be genetic and environmental. The disease has a wide range of symptoms and severity, meaning that often times it is hard for doctors to diagnose it.
Nevertheless, according to research, this condition may be related to insulin, as PCOS is frequent in women who have high insulin levels. About 2 – 20 percent of the female population is affected with PCOS, mostly at the age between 18 and 44, depending on which symptoms are used to define it.
This condition represents a risk factor for some diseases, including heart disease, diabetes, sleep apnea, hypertension, and some types of cancer.
What are the symptoms of PCOS?
– Irregular menstruation
– Acne, oily skin, and dandruff
– Difficulty conceiving
– Weight gain
– Abundant body hair
– Anxiety and/or depression
How can you treat PCOS?
– Exercise
– Make some dietary changes
– Increase the intake of magnesium
– Talk to your doctor
– Talk to a therapist
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